Climate change and financial adaptation in Africa: Investigating the impact of climate change on the robustness of index-based microinsurance in Malawi

Hochrainer-Stigler S, Mechler R, & Pflug GC (2009). Climate change and financial adaptation in Africa: Investigating the impact of climate change on the robustness of index-based microinsurance in Malawi. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 14 (3): 231-250. DOI:10.1007/s11027-008-9162-5.

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Abstract

This paper discusses the applicability of crop insurance for the case of Malawi and explores the potential impact of climate change on the viability of the Malawi weather insurance program making use of scenarios of climate change-induced variations in rainfall patterns. The analysis is important from a methodological and policy perspective. By combining catastrophe insurance modeling with climate modeling, the methodology demonstrates the feasibility, albeit with large uncertainties, of estimating the effects of climate variability and climate change on the near- and long-term future of microinsurance schemes serving the poor. By providing a model-based estimate of insurance back-up capital necessary to avoid ruin under climate variability and climate change, along with the associated uncertainties and data limitations, this methodology can quantitatively demonstrate the need for financial assistance to protect micro-insurance pools against climate- induced insolvency. This is of major concern to donors, NGOs and others supporting these innovative systems, those actually at-risk and insurers providing insurance. A quantitative estimate of the additional burden that climate change imposes on weather insurance for poor regions is of interest to organizations funding adaptation. Further, by linking catastrophe modeling to regionalized climate modeling, the analysis identifies key modeling inputs necessary as well as important constraints. We end with a discussion of the opportunities and limits to similar modeling and weather predictability for Sub-Saharan Africa beyond the case of Malawi.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adaptation; Drought; Agricultural risks; Risk management; Microinsurance; Climate insurance; Catastrophe modeling
Research Programs: Risk and Vulnerability (RAV)
Greenhouse Gas Initiative (GGI)
Bibliographic Reference: Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change; 14(3):231-250 (March 2009)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:42
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2016 15:40
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/8887

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