Micro-insurance for local adaptation

Suarez P & Linnerooth-Bayer J (2010). Micro-insurance for local adaptation. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews (WIREs). Climate Change 1 (2): 271-278. DOI:10.1002/wcc.37.

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Abstract

Insurance instruments that provide economic security against droughts, floods, tropical cyclones and ther weather extremes have emerged as an opportunity for developing countries in their concurrent efforts to reduce their vulnerability to weather variability and adapt to climate change. Yet, issues remain concerning the viability of insurance systems serving the most vulnerable and their potential role in an adaptation regime. Many pilot projects are underway, that can inform debate on these issues. This discussion builds on a recent drought micro-insurance project for subsistence farmers in Malawi, which by enabling farmers to access higher yield seeds, raises their poductivity and decreases their vulnerability to climate change. Beyond this developmental gain from insurance we show that micro-insurance in Malawi can directly promote adaptation by actually reducing crop losses from drought. This is possible by incorporating seasonal rainfall forecsts, which are strongly related to El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), into insurance pricing. This paper describes the Malawi pilot program, its challenges after the first operational year and the potential benefits of ENSO-based pricing. The paper concludes by discussing the outlook or micro-insurance in the emerging climate.

Item Type: Article
Research Programs: Risk and Vulnerability (RAV)
Bibliographic Reference: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change; 1(2):271-278 (March/April 2010) (Published online 12 March 2010)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:43
Last Modified: 25 Feb 2016 09:42
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/9224

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