Evolutionary principles and their practical application

Hendry AP, Kinnison MT, Heino M, Day T, Smith TB, Fitt G, Bergstrom CT, Oakeshott J, et al. (2011). Evolutionary principles and their practical application. Evolutionary Applications 4 (2): 159-183. DOI:10.1111/j.1752-4571.2010.00165.x.

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Abstract

Evolutionary principles are now routinely incorporated into medicine and agriculture. Examples include the design of treatments that slow the evolution of resistance by weeds, pests, and pathogens, and the design of breeding programs that maximize crop yield or quality. Evolutionary principles are also increasingly incorporated into conservation biology, natural resource management, and environmental science. Examples include the protection of small and isolated populations from inbreeding depression, the identification of key traits involved in adaptation to climate change, the design of harvesting regimes that minimize unwanted life-history evolution, and the setting of conservation priorities based on populations, species, or communities that harbor the greatest evolutionary diversity and potential. The adoption of evolutionary principles has proceeded somewhat independently in these different fields, even though the underlying fundamental concepts are the same. We explore these fundamental concepts under four main themes: variation, selection, connectivity, and eco-evolutionary dynamics. Within each theme, we present several key evolutionary principles and illustrate their use in addressing applied problems. We hope that the resulting primer of evolutionary concepts and their practical utility helps to advance a unified multidisciplinary field of applied evolutionary biology.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adaptation; Agriculture; Climate change; Conservation biology; Contemporary evolution; Evolutionary medicine; Fisheries management; Forest management
Research Programs: Evolution and Ecology (EEP)
Bibliographic Reference: Evolutionary Applications; 4(2):159-183 (March 2011) (Published online 17 February 2011)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:45
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2016 07:54
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/9635

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