Nitrogen in current European policies

Oenema O, Bleeker A, Braathen NA, & Winiwarter W (2011). Nitrogen in current European policies. In: The European Nitrogen Assessment: Sources, Effects and Policy Perspectives. Eds. Sutton, MA, Howard, CM & Erisman, JE, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

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Abstract

Europe, and especially the European Union (EU), has many governmental policy measures aimed at decreasing unwanted reactive nitrogen (N_r) emissions from combustion, agriculture and urban wastes. Many of these policy measures have an "effects-based approach", and focus on single N_r compounds, single sectors and either on air or waters.

This chapter addresses the origin, objectives and targets of EU policy measures related to N_r emissions, considers which instruments are being used to implement the policies and briefly discusses the effects of the policy measures.

Item Type: Book Section
Research Programs: Mitigation of Air Pollution (MAG)
Air Quality & Greenhouse Gases (AIR)
Bibliographic Reference: In: MA Sutton, CM Howard, JE Erisman, et al. (eds); The European Nitrogen Assessment: Sources, Effects and Policy Perspectives; Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK pp.62-81 (April 2011)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:45
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2016 10:18
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/9673

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