A systematic overview of harvesting-induced maturation evolution in predator-prey systems with three different life-history tradeoffs

Bodin M, Brannstrom A, & Dieckmann U (2012). A systematic overview of harvesting-induced maturation evolution in predator-prey systems with three different life-history tradeoffs. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology 74 (12): 2842-2860. DOI:10.1007/s11538-012-9783-4.

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Abstract

There are concerns that anthropogenic harvesting may cause phenotypic adaptive changes in exploited wild populations, in particular maturation at a smaller size and younger age. In this paper, we study the evolutionarily stable size at maturation of prey subjected to size-selective harvesting in a sample predator-prey model taking into account three recognized life-history costs of early maturation, namely reduced fecundity, reduced growth, and increased mortality. Our analysis shows that harvesting large individuals favors maturation at smaller size compared to the unharvested system, indepenent of life-history tradeoff and the predators prey-size preference. In general, however, the evolutionariy stable maturation size can either increase or decrease relative to the unharvested system, depending on the harvesting regime, the life-history tradeoff, and the predators preferred size of prey. Furhermore, we examine how the predator population size changes in response to adaptive change in size to maturation of the prey. Surprisingly, in some situations, we find that the evolutionarily stable maturation size under harvesting is associated with an increased predator population size. This occurs,in particular, when early maturation trades off with growth rate. In total, we determine the evolutinarily stable size at maturation and associated predator population size for a total of forty-five different combinations of tradeoff, harvest regime, and predated size class.

KEYORDS: Predator-prey systems; Evolutionarily stable strategy; Harvesting-induced evolution; Life-history tradeoffs; Size structure

Item Type: Article
Research Programs: Evolution and Ecology (EEP)
Bibliographic Reference: Bulletin of Mathematical Biology; 74(12):2842-2860 (December 2012)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:46
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2016 07:53
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/9842

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