Potentials of possible machine systems for directly loading logs in cut-to-length harvesting

Ringdahl O, Hellstroem T, & Lindroos O (2012). Potentials of possible machine systems for directly loading logs in cut-to-length harvesting. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 42 (5): 970-985. DOI:10.1139/x2012-036.

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Abstract

In conventional mechanized cut-to-length systems, a harvester fells and cuts trees into logs that are stored on the ground until a forwarder picks them up and carries them to landing sites. A proposed improvement is to place logs directly into the load spaces of transporting machines as they are cut. Such integrated loading could result in cost reductions, shorter lead times from stump to landing, and lower fuel consumption. However, it might also create waiting times for the machines involved, whereas multifunctional machines are likely to be expensive. Thus, it is important to analyze whether or not the advantages of any changes outweigh the disadvantages. The conventional system was compared with four potential systems, including two with autonomous forwarders, using discrete-event simulation with stochastic elements in which harvests of more than 1000 final felling stands (containing in total 1.6 million m3) were simulated 35 times per system. The results indicate that harwarders have substantial potential (less expensive on >=80% of the volume and fuel consumption decreased by >=18%) and may become competitive if key innovations are developed. Systems with cooperating machines have considerably less potential, limited to very specific stand conditions. The results conform with expected difficulties in integrating processing and transporting machines. work in variable environments.

Item Type: Article
Research Programs: Ecosystems Services and Management (ESM)
Bibliographic Reference: Canadian Journal of Forest Research; 42(5):970-985 (May 2012) (Published online 25 April 2012)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:46
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2016 13:30
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/9955

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