Emission pathways to achieve 2.0°C and 1.5°C climate targets

Su X, Takahashi K, Fujimori S, Hasegawa T, Tanaka K, Kato E, Shiogama H, Masui T, et al. (2017). Emission pathways to achieve 2.0°C and 1.5°C climate targets. Earth's Future: 1-13. DOI:10.1002/2016EF000492.

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We investigated the feasibilities of 2.0°C and 1.5°C climate targets by considering the abatement potentials of a full suite of greenhouse gases, pollutants, and aerosols. We revised the inter-temporal dynamic optimization model DICE-2013R by introducing three features as follows. First, we applied a new marginal abatement cost curve derived under moderate assumptions regarding future socioeconomic development—the Shared Socioeconomic Pathways 2 (SSP2) scenario. Second, we addressed emission abatement for not only industrial CO2 but also land-use CO2, CH4, N2O, halogenated gases, CO, volatile organic compounds, SOx, NOx, black carbon and organic carbon. Third, we improved the treatment of the non-CO2 components in the climate module based on MAGICC 6.0. We obtained the following findings: (1) It is important to address the individual emissions in an analysis of low stabilization scenarios because abating land-use CO2, non-CO2 and aerosol emissions also contributes to maintaining a low level of radiative forcing and substantially affects the climate costs. (2) The 2.0°C target can be efficiently reached under the assumptions of the SSP2 scenario. (3) The 1.5°C target can be met with early deep cuts under the assumption of a temperature overshoot, and it will triple the carbon price and double the mitigation cost compared with the 2.0°C case.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Climate change; Integrated assessment models; DICE; Anthropogenic emissions; SSP scenarios
Research Programs: Energy (ENE)
Ecosystems Services and Management (ESM)
Depositing User: Romeo Molina
Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2017 06:19
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2018 15:31
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/14668

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