Regional assessment of the current extent of acidification of surface waters in Europe and North America

Austnes K, Aherne J, Arle J, Čičendajeva M, Couture S, Fölster J, Garmo O, Hruška J, et al. (2018). Regional assessment of the current extent of acidification of surface waters in Europe and North America. Norwegian Institute for Water Research

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Abstract

The current status of surface water acidification related to air pollution in Europe and North America has been assessed using country reports, monitoring data, critical loads and exceedance data, acid sensitivity and deposition maps, and data reported under the European Commission’s Water Framework Directive (WFD). Acidification is still observed in many countries, but the extent and severity vary. Maps of acid sensitivity and deposition suggest that surface water acidification is present in regions and countries for which no data or reports were delivered for the current assessment. Existing national monitoring varies in the ability to assess the spatial extent of acidification and the recovery responses of acidified sites. The monitoring requirements under the European Union’s National Emission Ceilings Directive are expected to reverse the recent decline in the number of monitoring sites observed in some countries. The information reported under the WFD is currently of limited value in assessing the extent of acidification of surface waters in Europe. Chemical recovery in response to reductions in acid deposition can be slow, and biological recovery can lag severely behind. Despite large and effective efforts across Europe and North America to reduce surface water acidification, air pollution still constitutes a threat to freshwater ecosystems.

Item Type: Other
Uncontrolled Keywords: Air pollution, Surface water acidification, Geographical extent, Europe and North America
Research Programs: Air Quality & Greenhouse Gases (AIR)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2018 06:21
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2020 11:42
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/15542

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