Applying LCA to Estimate Development Energy Needs: The Cases of India and Brazil

Rao N ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1888-5292, Mastrucci A ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5611-7780, & Min J (2018). Applying LCA to Estimate Development Energy Needs: The Cases of India and Brazil. In: Designing Sustainable Technologies, Products and Policies. Eds. Benetto, E., Gericke, K. & Guiton, M., pp. 397-406 Cham, Switzerland: Springer. ISBN 978-3-319-66981-6 DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-66981-6_44.

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Abstract

This paper illustrates the use of life cycle assessment (LCA) methods to link human wellbeing to resource consumption. Based on a previously developed framework of the material requirements for human well-being, we use LCA and Input-Output (I/O) analysis, as appropriate, to estimate the life-cycle energy needed to meet the gap in living standards in two emerging economies, India and Brazil. We illustrate the relative contribution of different living standards components to energy requirements, as well as the uncertainty and trade-offs between upfront and long-term operating energy costs, and how these factors differ in the two countries. This analysis provides insights on how LCA analysis can be used to inform energy planning and its links to development goals.

Item Type: Book Section
Research Programs: Energy (ENE)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2018 08:54
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2018 08:54
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/15629

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