Ujjwala at 6 crores: Impact on Cooking Energy Transition and Climate Change

Kar A, Singh D, Pachauri S ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8138-3178, Bailis R, & Zerriffi H (2019). Ujjwala at 6 crores: Impact on Cooking Energy Transition and Climate Change. In: The Ujjwala Saga - Unending Happiness & Health. pp. 16-21 Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Government of India.

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Abstract

The Pradhan Mantri Ujjawala Yojana (PMUY) has been praised as a landmark initiative that has empowered six crore poor rural women to buy Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) as the primary source for cooking. Having an LPG stove in the kitchen has always been an aspiration, which was unaffordable to many, until the capital cost support became available through PMUY in the form of subsidies and a loan facility. However, public debate over whether the beneficiaries are purchasing enough refill cylinders has emerged. In this article we analyze aggregated LPG refill numbers of PMUY beneficiaries by state, and discuss this within the larger perspective of clean cooking transitions and climate change. The pertinent question that remains to be answered is whether the Indian rural population is making a transition towards cleaner fuels like LPG though the advent of PMUY. Therefore it is essential to understand the refill rates of PMUY beneficiaries. In section 2 we discuss inter-state differences in PMUY refill trends and suggest recommendations for policy. Moreover, it is also necessary to also examine the potential impact of LPG consumption by PMUY beneficiaries on the environment(section 3).

Item Type: Book Section
Research Programs: Energy (ENE)
Young Scientists Summer Program (YSSP)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2019 08:38
Last Modified: 11 Feb 2019 13:32
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/15741

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