Achieving the reduction of disaster risk by better predicting impacts of El Niño and La Niña

Nobre GG, Muis S, Veldkamp T, & Ward PJ (2019). Achieving the reduction of disaster risk by better predicting impacts of El Niño and La Niña. Progress in Disaster Science 2: e100022. DOI:10.1016/j.pdisas.2019.100022.

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Project: IMproving PRedictions and management of hydrological EXtremes (IMPREX, H2020 641811)

Abstract

Extreme phases of the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) show relationships with economic damages due to disasters worldwide. Climate forecasts can predict ENSO months in advance, enabling stakeholders to take disaster risk reducing actions. An understanding of risks during ENSO extremes is key for adequate response. Here, we review the effects of ENSO on disaster risks, including droughts and floods. We show that ENSO may increase the risk of water scarcity and low crop yields globally, and change the probabilities of extreme rainfall, and coastal and river flooding. We provide recommendations on how to reduce risks using ENSO forecasts.

Item Type: Article
Research Programs: Water (WAT)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 20 May 2019 07:34
Last Modified: 27 May 2019 07:45
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/15915

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