Using sales data to assess cooking gas adoption and the impact of India’s Ujjwala programme in rural Karnataka

Kar A, Pachauri S ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8138-3178, Bailis R, & Zerriffi H (2019). Using sales data to assess cooking gas adoption and the impact of India’s Ujjwala programme in rural Karnataka. Nature Energy 4 (9): 806-814. DOI:10.1038/s41560-019-0429-8.

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Abstract

More than 70 million poor women in India have received liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) stoves within the first 35 months under a government programme, Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY). Here, we analyse multi-year LPG sales data from a district in Karnataka to assess enrolment and consumption trends for both PMUY beneficiaries and general (non-PMUY) rural consumers. We find rapid growth in enrolments of LPG consumers, but this is not matched by an increase in LPG sales, suggesting that LPG access has not induced a full transition away from the use of polluting solid fuels. The number of LPG refills among PMUY beneficiaries is less than half that of rural general consumers. We also find no observable increase in LPG consumption among general rural consumers with years of experience. These results suggest that mid-course policy revisions to encourage regular LPG use are needed for both PMUY and general rural consumers.

Item Type: Article
Research Programs: Energy (ENE)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2019 05:44
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2019 16:12
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/15994

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