Land-Management Options for Greenhouse Gas Removal and Their Impacts on Ecosystem Services and the Sustainable Development Goals

Smith P, Adams J, Beerling DJ, Beringer T, Calvin KV, Fuss S, Griscom B, Hagemann N, et al. (2019). Land-Management Options for Greenhouse Gas Removal and Their Impacts on Ecosystem Services and the Sustainable Development Goals. Annual Review of Environment and Resources 44 (1): 255-286. DOI:10.1146/annurev-environ-101718-033129.

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Abstract

Land-management options for greenhouse gas removal (GGR) include afforestation or reforestation (AR), wetland restoration, soil carbon sequestration (SCS), biochar, terrestrial enhanced weathering (TEW), and bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS). We assess the opportunities and risks associated with these options through the lens of their potential impacts on ecosystem services (Nature's Contributions to People; NCPs) and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). We find that all land-based GGR options contribute positively to at least some NCPs and SDGs. Wetland restoration and SCS almost exclusively deliver positive impacts. A few GGR options, such as afforestation, BECCS, and biochar potentially impact negatively some NCPs and SDGs, particularly when implemented at scale, largely through competition for land. For those that present risks or are least understood, more research is required, and demonstration projects need to proceed with caution. For options that present low risks and provide cobenefits, implementation can proceed more rapidly following no-regrets principles.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: greenhouse gas removal, carbon dioxide removal, CDR, negative emission technology, NET, afforestation/reforestation, wetland restoration, soil carbon sequestration, biochar, terrestrial enhanced weathering, bioenergy with carbon capture and storage, BECCS, ecosystem services, Nature's Contributions to People, NCPs, UN Sustainable Development Goals, SDG
Research Programs: Ecosystems Services and Management (ESM)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2019 07:50
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2019 07:50
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/16109

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