Missed atmospheric organic phosphorus emitted by terrestrial plants, part 2: Experiment of volatile phosphorus

Li W, Li B, Tao S, Ciais P, Piao S, Shen G, Peng S, Wang R, et al. (2020). Missed atmospheric organic phosphorus emitted by terrestrial plants, part 2: Experiment of volatile phosphorus. Environmental Pollution 258: e113728. DOI:10.1016/j.envpol.2019.113728.

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Abstract

The emission and deposition of global atmospheric phosphorus (P) have long been considered unbalanced, and primary biogenic aerosol particles (PBAP) and phosphine (PH3) are considered to be the only atmospheric P sources from the ecosystem. In this work, we found and quantified volatile organic phosphorus (VOP) emissions from plants unaccounted for in previous studies. In a greenhouse in which lemons were cultivated, the atmospheric total phosphorus (TP) concentration of particulate matter (PM) was 41.8% higher than that in a greenhouse containing only soil, and the proportion of organic phosphorus (OP) in TP was doubled. 31P nuclear magnetic resonance tests (31P-NMR) of PM showed that phosphate monoesters were the main components contributed by plants in both the greenhouse and at an outside observation site. Atmospheric gaseous P was directly measured to be 1–2 orders of magnitude lower than P in PM but appeared to double during plant growing seasons relative to other months. Bag-sampling and gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GCMS) tests showed that the gaseous P emitted by plants in the greenhouse was triethyl phosphate. VOP might be an important component of atmospheric P that has been underestimated in previous studies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Growing seasons; Volatile organic phosphorus; Bag-sampling; Gas chromatography mass spectrometry; 31P nuclear magnetic resonance
Research Programs: Ecosystems Services and Management (ESM)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2019 07:03
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2020 10:26
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/16209

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