Identifying trade-offs and co-benefits of climate policies in China to align policies with SDGs and achieve the 2 °C goal

Liu J-Y, Fujimori S, Takahashi K, Hasegawa T, Wu W, Takakura J, & Masui T (2019). Identifying trade-offs and co-benefits of climate policies in China to align policies with SDGs and achieve the 2 °C goal. Environmental Research Letters 14 (12): e124070. DOI:10.1088/1748-9326/ab59c4.

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Abstract

The Paris Agreement set long-term global climate goals to pursue stabilization of the global mean temperature increase at below 2 °C (the so-called 2 °C goal). Individual countries submitted their own short-term targets, mostly for the year 2030. Meanwhile, the UN's sustainable development goals (SDGs) were designed to help set multiple societal goals with respect to socioeconomic development, the environment, and other issues. Climate policies can lead to intended or unintended consequences in various sectors, but these types of side effects rarely have been studied in China, where climate policies will play an important role in global greenhouse gas emissions and sustainable development is a major goal. This study identified the extent to which climate policies in line with the 2 °C goal could have multi-sectoral consequences in China. Carbon constraints in China in the 2Deg scenario are set to align with the global 2 °C target based on the emissions per capita convergence principle. Carbon policies for NDC pledges as well as policies in China regarding renewables, air pollution control, and land management were also simulated. The results show that energy security and air quality have co-benefits related to climate policies, whereas food security and land resources experienced negative side effects (trade-offs). Near-term climate actions were shown to help reduce these trade-offs in the mid-term. A policy package that included food and land subsidies also helped achieve climate targets while avoiding the adverse side effects caused by the mitigation policies. The findings should help policymakers in China develop win–win policies that do not negatively affect some sectors, which could potentially enhance their ability to take climate actions to realize the global 2 °C goal within the context of sustainable development.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: trade-offs and co-benefits, sustainable development goals (SDGs), sustainability, 2°C goal, climate policy, Integrated Assessment Model (IAM), China
Research Programs: Energy (ENE)
Ecosystems Services and Management (ESM)
Depositing User: Michaela Rossini
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2020 09:42
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2020 09:45
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/16312

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