⁹⁰Sr Content in the Stemwood of Forests Within Ukrainian Polissya

Bilous A, Holiaka D, Matsala M, Kashparov V, Schepaschenko D ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7814-4990, Lakyda P, Shvidenko A, Myroniuk V, et al. (2020). ⁹⁰Sr Content in the Stemwood of Forests Within Ukrainian Polissya. Forests 11 (3): e270. DOI:10.3390/f11030270.

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Abstract

The consequences of the Chernobyl disaster continue to threaten humans and ecosystems across fallout gradient in Northern Ukraine and nearby. Forest ecosystems contain substantial stocks of long-lived radionuclide 90Sr which was leached from the fuel matrix during the disaster. Nowadays, there is a lack of information about current transfer factors (TF) of this radionuclide from soil to the stemwood of native tree species. We have estimated 90Sr content in the forest stemwood of three tree species utilizing models of their growth and yield and collected woody samplings. TFs provided here vary greatly across studied tree species (18.0 × 2.1±1, 8.7 × 2.8±1, and 10.4 × 6.0±1 n×10−3 m2·kg−1 (geometrical mean (GM) ± geometrical standard deviation, GSD) for the above species, respectively) and together with indicators of soil contamination allow us to reliably assess local stocks in the stemwood. Silver birch stands are estimated to deposit the highest 90Sr stocks. Herewith, at 25 years old Black alder stands could accumulate higher stocks (up to 35 MBq·ha−1) under rich growth conditions. TFs obtained in this study substantially exceed values provided by the International Atomic Energy Agency for studied tree species and thus could entail respective restrictions on use of firewood across large areas in Ukrainian Polissya. Data provided here may be harnessed to support decisions of respective stakeholders to provide credibly safe management of the contaminated forest ecosystems.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chernobyl exclusion zone; forest growth models; long-lived radionuclides; radioactive contamination
Research Programs: Ecosystems Services and Management (ESM)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2020 06:43
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2020 06:47
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/16325

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