Innovation and New Technology for Enabling Economic and Social Progress

Guellec D, Cervantes M, & Grubler A ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7814-4990 (2020). Innovation and New Technology for Enabling Economic and Social Progress. In: Systemic Thinking for Policy Making: The Potential of Systems Analysis for Addressing Global Policy Challenges in the 21st Century. pp. 113-122 Paris, France: New Approaches to Economic Challenges, OECD Publishing. ISBN 978-92-64-49456-5 DOI:10.1787/879c4f7a-en.

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Abstract

The evolving dynamics of innovation in digital, bioeconomy, and clean energy are discussed, focusing on the systemic dimension of change. Systems-based policy approaches that could help policymakers influence these dynamics to achieve societal and environmental goals are presented. Conceptual models of innovation systems have been developed that describe the positive outcome of innovation efforts within a multidimensional, interacting space involving knowledge, actors and institutions, and resource mobilisation, as well as innovation outcomes. These interacting dimensions are complementary and need to be addressed simultaneously by policy. Formal systems modelling can also assist innovation policies to tackle deep innovation uncertainty. Models drawing on portfolio theory provide a quantitative framework of the economic value of risk diversification. In these models, different degrees of risk aversion (to innovation failure) become an input variable specified by policymakers. “Optimal” diversification portfolios given pre-specified innovation uncertainties and policy-specified risk aversion can be determined mathematically.

Item Type: Book Section
Research Programs: Transitions to New Technologies (TNT)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2020 08:53
Last Modified: 23 Mar 2020 08:53
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/16381

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