Global Gridded Nitrogen Indicators: Influence of Crop Maps

Kaltenegger, K. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7751-7794 & Winiwarter, W. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7131-1496 (2020). Global Gridded Nitrogen Indicators: Influence of Crop Maps. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 34 (12) e2020GB006634. 10.1029/2020GB006634.

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Abstract

Displaying Nitrogen (N) indicators on a global grid poses unique opportunities to quantify environmental impacts from N application in different world regions under a variety of conditions. Such calculations require the use of maps showing the geo‐spatial distribution of crop production. Although there are several crop maps in the scientific literature to choose from, the consequences of this choice for the calculation of N indicators still need to be evaluated. In this study we analyze the differences in results for N Use Efficiency (NUE) and N surplus calculated on the global scale using two different crop maps (SPAM and M3). For our calculations we used publicly available statistical and literature data combined with each crop map and carefully traced the origins of the differences in the results. Our results showed that the regions most affected by discrepancies caused by differences in crop maps (yields and physical area) are Central Asia and the Russian Federation, Australia and Oceania, and North Africa. However, we also found that the inclusion or exclusion of grass crops influences the results, as does the aggregation of crops to categories. Considering all these differences, we note that M3 seems to provide the more plausible results for the calculation of N indicators. Our analysis not only highlights the importance of determining the critical parameters for N indicator calculation, but also allows key parameters connected with N use and overuse to be identified on the global scale.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: biogeochemical cycles; nitrogen cycling; nutrients and nutrient cycling; processes and modeling
Research Programs: Air Quality & Greenhouse Gases (AIR)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2021 08:13
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2021 17:34
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/16964

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