The contribution of female health to economic development

Bloom, D.E., Kuhn, M., & Prettner, K. (2020). The contribution of female health to economic development. The Economic Journal 130 (630) 1650-1677. 10.1093/ej/ueaa061.

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Abstract

We analyse the economic consequences for poor countries of investing in female health within a unified growth model featuring health-related gender differences in productivity. Better female health accelerates the demographic transition and thereby the take-off towards sustained economic growth. By contrast, male health improvements delay the transition and take-off because they tend to raise fertility. However, households tend to prefer male health improvements over female health improvements because they imply a larger static utility gain. This highlights the existence of a dynamic trade-off between the short-run interests of households and long-run development goals.

Item Type: Article
Research Programs: World Population (POP)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2021 06:58
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2021 06:58
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/17041

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