Assessing the costs and environmental benefits of IMO regulations of ship-originated SOx and NOx emissions in the Baltic Sea

Repka, S., Erkkilä-Välimäki, A., Jonson, J.E., Posch, M. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8649-9129, Törrönen, J., & Jalkanen, J.P. (2021). Assessing the costs and environmental benefits of IMO regulations of ship-originated SOx and NOx emissions in the Baltic Sea. Ambio 50 1718-1730. 10.1007/s13280-021-01500-6.

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Abstract

To assess the value of the environmental benefits of the Sulphur Emission regulation (SECA) that came into force in 2015, changes in depositions of SOx and NOx from ship exhaust gas emissions were modelled and monetized for the Baltic Sea region for the years 2014 and 2016. During this period, the total deposition of SOx in the study area decreased by 7.3%. The decrease in ship-originated SOx deposition from 38 kt to 3.4 kt (by over 88%) was translated into a monetary value for the ecosystem impacts of nearly 130 million USD, according to the EcoValue08 model. This is less than the modelled health benefits, but it is not insignificant. For NOx, there was no decreasing trend. The exceedance of the critical loads of SOx and NOx was also estimated. The effect of Baltic shipping on the exceedance of critical loads of acidification after SECA is very small, but Baltic shipping still has a considerable effect on the exceedance of critical loads for eutrophication.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Atmospheric deposition; Baltic Sea; Maritime traffic; Monetary valuation; NOx; SOx.
Research Programs: Energy, Climate, and Environment (ECE)
Energy, Climate, and Environment (ECE) > Pollution Management (PM)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2021 14:58
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2021 10:55
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/17077

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