The importance of health co-benefits under different climate policy cooperation frameworks

Scovronick, N., Anthoff, D., Dennig, F., Errickson, F., Ferranna, M., Peng, W., Spears, D., Wagner, F. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3429-2374, et al. (2021). The importance of health co-benefits under different climate policy cooperation frameworks. Environmental Research Letters 16 (5) e055027. 10.1088/1748-9326/abf2e7.

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Abstract

Reducing greenhouse gas emissions has the 'co-benefit' of also reducing air pollution and associated impacts on human health. Here, we incorporate health co-benefits into estimates of the optimal climate policy for three different climate policy regimes. The first fully internalizes the climate externality at the global level via a uniform carbon price (the 'cooperative equilibrium'), thus minimizing total mitigation costs. The second connects to the concept of 'common but differentiated responsibilities' where nations coordinate their actions while accounting for different national capabilities considering socioeconomic conditions. The third assumes nations act only in their own self-interest. We find that air quality co-benefits motivate substantially reduced emissions under all three policy regimes, but that some form of global cooperation is required to prevent runaway temperature rise. However, co-benefits do warrant high levels of mitigation in certain regions even in the self-interested case, suggesting that air quality impacts may expand the range of possible policy outcomes whereby global temperatures do not increase unabated.

Item Type: Article
Research Programs: Energy, Climate, and Environment (ECE)
Energy, Climate, and Environment (ECE) > Pollution Management (PM)
Energy, Climate, and Environment (ECE) > Transformative Institutional and Social Solutions (TISS)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 14 May 2021 07:04
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2021 17:34
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/17212

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