Cognitive theory of stress and farmers’ responses to the COVID 19 shock; a model to assess coping behaviors with stress among farmers in southern Iran

Yazdanpanah, M., Zobeidi, T., Tajeri Moghadam, M., Komendantova, N. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2568-6179, Löhr, K., & Sieber, S. (2021). Cognitive theory of stress and farmers’ responses to the COVID 19 shock; a model to assess coping behaviors with stress among farmers in southern Iran. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction 64 e102513. 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2021.102513.

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Abstract

Better understanding the capacity of farmers to react to the COVID-19 pandemic shock requires analyzing their coping mechanisms. This study investigates the relationship between coping style and coping behaviors with COVID-19, identifying the psychological factors affecting them based on the cognitive theory of stress. Perceived government support is added to the original model as a predictor for coping style and behavior. Cross sectional survey data was collected among farmers living in Dashtestan county of Bushehr province in southern Iran (N = 377). To determine the strength of the model, structural equation modeling (SEM) was performed. We find that demand appraisal and perceived collective efficacy have a positive, direct, and significant effect on coping style and an indirect effect on behaviors. Coping style and perceived government support are significantly related to behavior. The research model predicts 63% and 31% of variance changes in coping style and behavior, respectively. The results of this study provide empirical evidence on how people cope with the COVID-19 shock as well as useful information for designing and implementing health and social programs and policies in the agricultural communities.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Coping with stress; COVID-19; Farmers; Demand appraisal; Coping behavior; Iran
Research Programs: Advancing Systems Analysis (ASA)
Advancing Systems Analysis (ASA) > Cooperation and Transformative Governance (CAT)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2021 08:17
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2021 12:07
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/17407

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