Optimal Population Policy with Health Care and Lethal Pollution

Lehmijoki, U. & Palokangas, T. (2021). Optimal Population Policy with Health Care and Lethal Pollution. Portuguese Economic Journal 10.1007/s10258-021-00202-x.

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Abstract

Optimal population policy is examined in the following setup. Families invest in capital, spend on health care and determine their number of children. Firms produce output from labor, capital and pollutants. Pollution increases, but private and public health care decrease mortality dynamically, with lags. Our main findings are the following. A marginal increase in public health care improves welfare as long as it diminishes the mortality rate more than that in private health care. The government can decentralize the social optimum by a parental tax on newborns and a Pigouvian tax on pollutants. Private health care should not be taxed.

Item Type: Article
Research Programs: Advancing Systems Analysis (ASA)
Advancing Systems Analysis (ASA) > Systemic Rick and Resilience (SYRR)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2021 07:09
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2021 07:09
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/17510

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