Determinants of off-farm work and temporary migration in China

Willmore, L., Cao, G.-Y., & Xin, L.-J. (2012). Determinants of off-farm work and temporary migration in China. Population and Environment 33 (2) 161-185. 10.1007/s11111-011-0135-3.

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Existing research inadequately explains the factors that drive temporary internal migration in China. Using data for 2005 drawn from 1,903 households in 43 rural villages, we calculate binomial and multinomial logit (BL, MNL) models of probabilities that an adult belongs to one of three categories of worker - on-farm, off-farm, or temporary migrant - as a function of individual and household characteristics. We control for village fixed effects, paying close attention to male/female differences. Nearly all coefficients - even for village dummies - vary significantly by sex. For two variables - age and schooling- the relationships are non-linear. There is an optimal age and amount of schooling that maximizes the probability that a worker will be employed away from the family farm. For schooling, this is low, suggesting that educated workers are underemployed. This might indicate that schooling beyond primary grades is poor quality, or at least inappropriate for the job market.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: China; Education; Rural labor force; Migration; Hukou; Floating population
Research Programs: Ecosystems Services and Management (ESM)
Bibliographic Reference: Population and Environment; 33(2-3):161-185 (Published online 12 April 2011)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:46
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2021 17:39

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