Disaster warning response: The effects of different types of personal experience

Sharma, U. & Patt, A. (2012). Disaster warning response: The effects of different types of personal experience. Natural Hazards 60 (2) 409-423. 10.1007/s11069-011-0023-2.

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In this paper, we seek to resolve the conflicting findings in literature about the effect of past hazard experience on response to warning. We find that different definitions of past experience in different studies are at the root of these conflicting findings. We disaggregate past experience into different types, identifying three types of past experiences that are most relevant in terms of affecting response. We test the relevance and importance of these three proposed types of past experience in an empirical context of warnings issued and response to these warning for two cyclonic events in India. We then provide the implications of the most relevant aspects of past hazard experience for emergency managers seeking to improve target audiences' response to warning.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Past hazard experience; Warning response; Tropical cylones; Community experience; False alarms; Communication of uncertainty
Research Programs: Risk, Policy and Vulnerability (RPV)
Postdoctoral Scholars (PDS)
Risk & Resilience (RISK)
Bibliographic Reference: Natural Hazards; 60(2):409-423 (January 2012) (Published online 15 November 2011)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:46
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2021 17:39
URI: https://pure.iiasa.ac.at/10035

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