Closing the emission price gap

Edenhofer, O., Jakob, M., Creutzing, F., Flachsland, C., Fuss, S., Kowarsch, M., Lessmann, K., Mattauch, L., et al. (2015). Closing the emission price gap. Global Environmental Change 31 132-143. 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2015.01.003.

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Even without internationally concerted action on climate change mitigation, there are important incentives for countries to put a price on their domestic emissions, including public finance considerations, internalizing the climate impacts of their own emissions, and co-benefits, such as clean air or energy security. Whereas these arguments have been mostly discussed in separate strands of literature, this article carries out a synthesis that exemplifies how policies to put a price on emissions can be conceptualized in a multi-objective framework. Despite considerable uncertainty, empirical evidence suggests that different countries may face quite different incentives for emission pricing. For instance, avoided climate damages and co-benefits of reduced air pollution appear to be the main motivation for emission pricing in China, while for the US generating public revenue dominates and for the EU all three motivations are of intermediate importance. We finally argue that such unilateral incentives could form the basis for incremental progress in international climate negotiations toward a realistic climate treaty based on national interest and differentiated emission pricing and describe how such an agreement could be put into practice.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: unilateral incentives; co-benefits; hybrid climate agreement
Research Programs: Ecosystems Services and Management (ESM)
Bibliographic Reference: Global Environmental Change; 31:132-143 (March 2015) (Published online 10 February 2015)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 08:53
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2021 17:39

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