Trends in Working Life Expectancy in Europe

Loichinger, E. & Weber, D. ORCID: (2016). Trends in Working Life Expectancy in Europe. IIASA Working Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: WP-16-004

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Project: Reassessing Ageing from a Population Perspective (RE-AGEING, FP7 323947)


Objectives: The aim of the article is to analyze past and present developments of working life expectancy (WLE) at age 50 in Europe, by age and sex. Differences in WLE by education are explored as well. WLE is also compared to life expectancy (LE) and healthy life expectancy (HLE) at age 50.

Methods: WLE is calculated with the Sullivan Method.
Results: WLE at age 50 has been increasing since the mid- to late-90s in most countries. Increases were more pronounced among women than men, leading to a reduction in gender differences. Differences in WLE by education are substantial. Developments of WLE as a share of LE at age 50 showed no uniform pattern, but gender differences decreased here as well. The comparison of WLE, LE and HLE for the year 2009 reveals that the correlation between WLE and LE is smaller than between WLE and HLE.

Discussion: The analysis of trends in WLE at age 50, particularly when set in relation to remaining LE, provides useful insights of how the distribution of economically active and inactive years above age 50 are developing in Europe’s aging societies.

Item Type: Monograph (IIASA Working Paper)
Research Programs: World Population (POP)
Depositing User: Michaela Rossini
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2016 08:18
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2021 17:26

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