Multi-risk approach and urban resilience

Komendantova, N. ORCID:, Scolobig, A., Garcia-Aristizabal, A., Monfort, D., & Fleming, K. (2016). Multi-risk approach and urban resilience. International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment 7 (2) 114-132. 10.1108/IJDRBE-03-2015-0013.

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Project: New Multi-HAzard and MulTi-RIsK Assessment MethodS for Europe (MATRIX, FP7 265138)



Urban resilience is becoming increasingly important due to increasing degree of urbanization and a combination of several factors affecting urban vulnerability. Urban resilience is also understood as a capacity of a system to prepare, respond and recover from multi-hazard threats. The purpose of multi-risk approach (MRA) is to take into consideration interdependencies between multiple risks, which can trigger a chain of natural and manmade events with different spatial and temporal scales.


To increase urban resilience, MRA should also include multi-risk governance, which is based on understanding how existing institutional and governance structures, individual judgments and communication of risk assessment results shape decision-making processes.


This paper is based on extensive fieldwork in the test studies of Naples, Italy, and Guadeloupe, France, the historical case study analysis and the stakeholders’ interviews, workshops and focus groups discussions.


Multi-risk is a relatively new field in science, only partially developed in social and geosciences. The originality of this research is in establishment of a link between multi-risk approach, including both assessment and governance, and urban resilience. In this paper, we take a holistic and systemic look at the multi-risk approach, including all stages of knowledge generation and decision-making. Both, knowledge generation and decision-making are reinforced by behavioural biases, different perceptions and institutional factors. Further on, we develop recommendations on how a multi-risk approach can contribute to urban resilience.

Item Type: Article
Research Programs: Risk & Resilience (RISK)
Risk, Policy and Vulnerability (RPV)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2016 13:22
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2021 17:26

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