Environmental information systems: state of the art and perspectives

Fedra, K. (1991). Environmental information systems: state of the art and perspectives. In: Ecologia. Atti del Quarto Congresso Nazionale della Società Italiana di Ecologia (Arcavacata di Rende, Cosenza, 28 ottobre - 1 novembre 1989). Eds. Moroni, A., Totaro, E., & Anelli, A., pp. 853-867 Cosenza, Italy: Edizioni Zari.

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The key components of the new generation of software systems, and environmental information systems in particular, are: Geographical Information Systems, providing access to spatial data, such as environmental properties, land use, infrastructure, resources, site-specific information (e.g., industrial plant, cities) as well as tools for spatial analysis; Data Bases, containing non-spatial data; Knowledge Bases, representing qualitative (symbolic) knowledge about the problem domain, that allow logical deductions and qualitative analysis to be made; Simulation and Optimization Models, representing process-oriented numerical assessment tools; a Graphical User Interface, integrating the above into one coherent system and providing the user with interactive access and a high degree of dynamic visualization. Some basic principles and concepts are discussed, based on several application examples of interactive environmental information decision support and expert systems in the area of general environmental impact assessment, as well as surface and groundwater quality, air pollution and industrial risk assessment. Finally, the discussion section speculates on future developments and new directions in the field. -from English summary

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: GEOBASE Subject Index: environmental information system; environmental planning; impact assessment; water quality
Research Programs: Advanced Computer Applications (ACA)
Depositing User: Romeo Molina
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2016 13:46
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2021 17:40
URI: https://pure.iiasa.ac.at/12873

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