Preserving the World Second Largest Hypersaline Lake Under Future Irrigation and Climate Change

Shadkam, S., Ludwig, F., van Vliet, M.T.H., Pastor, A., & Kabat, P. (2016). Preserving the World Second Largest Hypersaline Lake Under Future Irrigation and Climate Change. In: IDRiM 2016 7th International Conference on Integrated Disaster Risk Management Disasters and Development: Towards a Risk Aware Society, October 1-3, 2016, Isfahan, Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Iran Urmia Lake, the world second largest hypersaline lake, has been largely desiccated over the last two decades resulting in socio-environmental consequences similar or even larger than the Aral Sea disaster. To rescue the lake a new water management plan has been proposed, a rapid 40% decline in irrigation water use replacing a former plan which intended to develop reservoirs and irrigation. However, none of these water management plans, which have large socio-economic impacts, have been assessed under future changes in climate and water availability. The Variable Infiltration Capacity (VIC) hydrological model was forced with bias corrected climate model outputs for both the lowest (RCP2.6) and highest (RCP8.5) greenhouse-gas concentration scenarios to estimate future water availability and impacts of water management strategies. Results showed a 10% decline in future water availability in the basin under RCP2.6 and 27% under RCP8.5. Our results showed that if future climate change is highly limited (RCP2.6) inflow can be just enough to meet the lake requirements by implementing the reduction irrigation plan. However, under more rapid climate change scenario (RCP8.5) reducing irrigation water use will not be enough to save the lake and more drastic measures are needed. Our results showed that future water management plans are not robust under climate change in this region. Therefore, an integrated approach of future land-water use planning and climate change adaptation is therefore needed to improve future water security and to reduce the desiccating of this hypersaline lake.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Urmia Lake, Hypersaline Lake, Climate Change, Irrigation, Reservoirs, Hydrological Model
Research Programs: Directorate (DIR)
Bibliographic Reference: Proceedings of Extended Abstracts
Depositing User: Romeo Molina
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2016 14:30
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2021 17:27

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