China's Green Lights Program: A review and assessment

Guo, F. ORCID: & Pachauri, S. ORCID: (2017). China's Green Lights Program: A review and assessment. Energy Policy 110 31-39. 10.1016/j.enpol.2017.08.002.

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Project: Linking Climate and Development Policies - Leveraging International Networks and Knowledge Sharing (CD-LINKS, H2020 642147)


Lighting accounts for 10–13% of China's electricity consumption. Triggered by the nationwide power shortage of the mid-1990s, the Chinese government launched its Green Lights Program in 1996. Since then, this program has been continuously highlighted in the nation's 9th–12th Five-Year Plans (1996–2015). This paper presents a review and assessment of this program during the past two decades. Based on available data, the achievements along with the implementation of this program are assessed by examining a set of indicators of electricity savings, consumer savings, market penetration, product quality, and production capacity expansion. The success of this programs can be attributed to several factors: 1) strong and sustained government commitment; 2) prioritized policy focus by program stages; 3) extensive efforts on product quality control; 4) a close symbiosis of energy efficiency policies with industrial development policies; and 5) the implementation of various incentive schemes. Nonetheless, several challenges are evident that the program needs to address in its next phase. These include: 1) promoting the use of efficient lighting products in rural China; 2) emphasizing the overall efficacy of lighting fixtures rather than focusing only on bulb efficacy; and 3) promoting the healthy development of an emerging semiconductor lighting industry in the nation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Green Lights Program; Efficient lighting products; Policy assessment; Product quality control; China
Research Programs: Energy (ENE)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 09 Aug 2017 13:20
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2021 17:29

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