Hazards and quality control in humanitarian demining

Ekenberg, L. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0665-1889, Fasth, T., & Larsson, A. (2018). Hazards and quality control in humanitarian demining. International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management 35 (4) 897-913. 10.1108/IJQRM-01-2016-0012.

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The purpose of this paper is to discuss the adequacy of International Mine Action Standards 09.20 (IMAS 09.20) and the used standards ISO 2859 in the context of demining.


The authors show how the actual quality level acceptable quality limit (AQL) significantly affects the average total quality cost for one lot with a single sampling plan and, consequently, the average total quality cost, and as AQL increases, the cost of rejecting a lot and the cost of sampling increase.


The sampling plans for demining are not always optimal given economical and other concerns and that other mechanisms should be considered.

Practical implications

Addressing opportunity costs for adopting wide samplings plans instead of clearing uncleared land per default, as well as balancing producer and consumer consequences seems, therefore, to be highly relevant from a socio-economical perspective.


The general understanding of quality management and the systems involved are limited within the mine action sector. IMAS and most national mine action standards provide only a fairly narrow description of the issue. This implies that the field is missing opportunities to achieve efficiency and effectiveness, as well as to learn from and improve upon past experiences. The authors demonstrate herein that sampling provides little additional confidence as to whether a particular area is free from explosive hazards and substantial savings can be made compared to the current practice.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Quality control, Risk analysis, Demining, Land release
Research Programs: Risk & Resilience (RISK)
Depositing User: Romeo Molina
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2018 07:56
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2021 17:30
URI: https://pure.iiasa.ac.at/15189

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