Reducing emissions of the fast growing Vietnamese coal sector: the chances offered by biomass co-firing

Truong, A.H., Patrizio, P., Leduc, S., Kraxner, F., & Ha-Duong, M. (2019). Reducing emissions of the fast growing Vietnamese coal sector: the chances offered by biomass co-firing. Journal of Cleaner Production 215 1301-1311. 10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.01.065.

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Abstract

Vietnam’s Power Development Plan 7A authorized many new coal power plants projects, implying an increase of greenhouse gases emissions from 90 MtCO2eq/year today to 360 MtCO2eq/year in 2030. How could co-firing technology –that is the partial substitution of coal by biomass– contributes to mitigate that problem? In this study, we assess the costs and potentials of co-firing rice residues in present and planned coal power plants in Vietnam using a spatially explicit optimization model: BeWhere, adapted as recursive annual dynamic. We found that, the cost of CO2 emissions is the key parameter determining at what level the technology is used. A cost of CO2 emissions of 8 $/tCO2 mobilizes the maximum technical potential of the rice straw and husk domestic resource, with an annual emission reduction of 28 MtCO2eq/year by 2030. At this level, biomass co-firing contributes to an 8% emission reduction in the coal power sector with the abatement cost of 137 Million USD.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Co-firing; emission reduction bioenergy rice residues greenhouse gas emissions spatial explicit exploration
Research Programs: Ecosystems Services and Management (ESM)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2019 07:34
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2021 10:24
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/15672

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