What are the implications of the Paris Agreement for inequality?

Zimm, C. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5603-1015 & Nakicenovic, N. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7176-4604 (2019). What are the implications of the Paris Agreement for inequality? Climate Policy 1-10. 10.1080/14693062.2019.1581048.

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Official URL: http://www.twi2050.org
Project: The World in 2050 (TWI2050)


Climate change is a major planetary challenge. Its consequences threaten the provision of Earth-system services and sustainable development. The impacts and the capacities to adapt vary across countries and different incomes, as do the historical and current emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and thus the responsibility for anthropogenic climate change. This has generated a complex debate about the inequities inherent in the climate challenge. This paper analyses the potential implications of the full implementation of the first round of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) of the Paris Agreement for countries’ per capita GHG emissions and the related inequality measures of the Gini coefficient and Lorenz curve. The distribution of annual and cumulative GHG emissions per capita for selected years and periods pre- and post-Paris of two NDC scenarios are assessed to derive implications for desired increases in ambition levels. The results show that the NDCs, while not meeting the Paris targets to limit temperature increase if levels of ambition remain the same after 2030, lead towards a more equitable future in terms of GHG emissions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nationally determined contributions, Gini coefficient, Lorenz curves, Paris Agreement, climate equity, per capita GHG emissions
Research Programs: Energy (ENE)
Transitions to New Technologies (TNT)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2019 07:23
Last Modified: 26 Jan 2022 11:46
URI: https://pure.iiasa.ac.at/15775

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