Spatio-Temporal Variability of Summer Monsoon Onset over Pakistan

Ali, S., Khalid, B., Kiani, R.S., Babar, R., Nasir, S., Rehman, N., Adnan, M., & Goheer, M.A. (2020). Spatio-Temporal Variability of Summer Monsoon Onset over Pakistan. Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences 56 147-172. 10.1007/s13143-019-00130-z.

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Pakistan receives huge amount of rainfall during summer monsoon season that provides water replenishment for transition periods, helps in maintaining natural and anthropogenic ecosystems, and increased crop productivity. In this changing world, shifts in summer monsoon onset in Pakistan have been observed that seems to affect the society in general. Therefore, it is vital to address these summer monsoon onset shifts to help policy makings and implementation. The study was carried out to analyse the spatio-temporal variability in summer monsoon onset in four objectively defined regions covering all Pakistan. A total of 35 meteorological stations spreading over four regions (i.e., northern, central east, central west, and southern) were taken in to account and shifts in summer monsoon onset have been calculated for the period of 1971–2010. The analysis is based on the observational data of daily precipitation from 20th Jun-20th July for 40 years. The onset for each year and mean onset for each decade has been calculated for all stations. The data was analysed for homogeneity, spatial and temporal variability of monsoon rainfall has been calculated for all four regions, and station wise monsoon onset has been discussed in detail. The temporal analysis shows that the onset of monsoon has shift towards earlier onset from first week of July to last week of June at most of the stations in which the investigation was carried out during the studied period. The spatial analysis shows that the amount of monsoon precipitation during the onset period has decreased after 1970’s in almost all regions. This variability in monsoon onset can have major impacts on rain fed agriculture and cultivation of crops like maize, soybean, rice and sugarcane etc. and will have to revisit the cropping calendar.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Monsoon onset; Spatial variability; Temporal variability; Asian summer monsoon; Monsoon shifts
Research Programs: Evolution and Ecology (EEP)
World Population (POP)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2019 09:03
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2021 17:31

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