Implications of COVID-19 Mitigation Policies for National Well-Being: A Systems Perspective

Strelkovskii, N. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6862-1768, Rovenskaya, E. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2761-3443, Ilmola-Sheppard, L., Bartmann, R., Rein-Sapir, Y., & Feitelson, E. (2022). Implications of COVID-19 Mitigation Policies for National Well-Being: A Systems Perspective. Sustainability 14 (1) p. 433. 10.3390/su14010433.

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Abstract

The ongoing COVID-19 crisis and measures aimed at curbing the pandemic have a widespread impact on various aspects of well-being, such as housing, social connections, and others. Moreover, COVID-19 does not affect all population groups equally. This study analyzes the impact of major COVID-19 non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) on a set of national well-being indicators from the most recent version of the OECD Well-Being Framework. Using causal loop diagrams (systems maps), we consider direct and indirect effects of these policies on various components of the national well-being system. Our results show that business closures directly and/or indirectly impact more national well-being components than any other policy. The most affected national well-being components by all policies are life satisfaction, perceived health, and prevalence of depressive symptoms. In addition, we specify how the impact of the anti-pandemic measures differs for various population strata, using the degree of income and employment loss as key stratifying variables. Our insights can be helpful to identify and promote measures that can alleviate the adverse effects of the COVID-19 crisis on the national well-being.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: COVID-19; national well-being; systems thinking; causal loop diagram
Research Programs: Advancing Systems Analysis (ASA)
Advancing Systems Analysis (ASA) > Cooperation and Transformative Governance (CAT)
Advancing Systems Analysis (ASA) > Exploratory Modeling of Human-natural Systems (EM)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2022 12:28
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2022 12:34
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/17749

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