Criticality analysis of a country’s transport network via an agent-based supply chain model

Colon, C. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4132-4648, Hallegatte, S., & Rozenberg, J. (2021). Criticality analysis of a country’s transport network via an agent-based supply chain model. Nature Sustainability 4 (3) 209-215. 10.1038/s41893-020-00649-4.

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Abstract

Building resilience against shocks has become a pillar of sustainability. By understanding how the different components of an economy interact in times of crisis, we can design resilience strategies that go beyond building walls or dams. We formulate an original agent-based model to explore a crucial pathway through which a disaster affects the economy: the transport–supply chain nexus. The model simulates the behaviour of firms facing transport and supply disruptions and estimates the resulting indirect losses. As an illustration, the model is used to assess the criticality of Tanzanian roads, which are vulnerable to floods. We report three main results. First, the model generates maps that identify the transport infrastructure assets that are most critical for specific supply chains: roads that are most important for food security are different from those supporting international trade, for instance. Second, economic losses from transport disruptions increase non-linearly with the duration of disruptions, highlighting the benefit from fast repairs. Third, by combining economic and transport modelling, we can consider a broader spectrum of interventions. Beyond strengthening the transport system, it is also possible to make supply chains more resilient to disruption with, for instance, sourcing decisions or inventory management.

Item Type: Article
Research Programs: Advancing Systems Analysis (ASA)
Advancing Systems Analysis (ASA) > Exploratory Modeling of Human-natural Systems (EM)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2022 10:29
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2022 10:29
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/17755

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