Estimation of Algal Growth Parameters from Vertical Primary Production Profiles

Straten, G. van & Herodek, S. (1981). Estimation of Algal Growth Parameters from Vertical Primary Production Profiles. IIASA Collaborative Paper. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: CP-81-019

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Phytoplankton maximum growth rate and the saturation light intensity, Is, can be estimated from vertical profiles of primary production by non-linear least-squares estimation. Solution through the normal equations leads to formula which are relatively simple and easy to implement. The computation of confidence contours is demonstrated, and the results are contrasted to the confidence limits on the parameters individually. These can be quite misleading due to model non-linearity and correlation between parameter estimation.

The procedure has been applied to primary production data from Lake Balaton, a shallow lake in Hungary. The growth rate--temperature relation is analyzed by separating the parameter set into two groups characteristic for "warm" and "cold" water phytoplankton, respectively. A bell-shaped curve is found for "cold" water communities, with an optimum at about 7 to 9 degrees Celsius, whereas the "warm" water phytoplankton exhibits a strong exponential dependency in the temperature range of interest (up to 25 degrees Celsius). Is appears also to be related to essentially constant. However, a roughly linear relation with considerably less scatter is obtained when Is is plotted directly versus day-averaged solar radiation. This apparent fast adaptation is attributed to the extremely short overtime in Lake Balaton. Maximum growth rates of 10-20 day^-1 have been found for temperatures between 20 and 25 degrees Celsius. These results and a critical appraisal of available literature suggest that the common notion of maximum growth rates being in the order of 1-3 day^-1 needs revision, at least for lakes with relatively high summer temperatures.

Item Type: Monograph (IIASA Collaborative Paper)
Research Programs: Resources and Environment Area (REN)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 01:50
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2021 17:10

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