Cool roofs can mitigate cooling energy demand for informal settlement dwellers

Nutkiewicz, A., Mastrucci, A. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5611-7780, Rao, N. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1888-5292, & Jain, R.K. (2022). Cool roofs can mitigate cooling energy demand for informal settlement dwellers. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 159 e112183. 10.1016/j.rser.2022.112183.

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Abstract

Cities are critical to meeting our sustainable energy goals. Informal settlement redevelopment programs represent an opportunity to improve living conditions and curb increasing demand for active cooling. We introduce an energy modeling framework for informal settlements to investigate how building design decisions influence the onset of heat stress and energy-intensive cooling demand. We show that occupants of tropically-located informal settlements are most vulnerable to prolonged heat stress year-round. Up to 98% of annual heat stress exposure can be mitigated by improving the building envelope. We find a universal solution (cool roofs) that reduces up to 91% of annual heat stress exposure. Finally, we show how proposed redevelopment building schemes could worsen thermal conditions of dwellers and further increase urban energy demand. Our results underscore how building design affects human well-being and highlight potential near-term and long-term pathways for reducing energy-intensive cooling demand for 800+ million informal settlement dwellers worldwide.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Heat stress; Space cooling; Informal settlements; Energy simulation; Building energy
Research Programs: Energy, Climate, and Environment (ECE)
Energy, Climate, and Environment (ECE) > Sustainable Service Systems (S3)
Energy, Climate, and Environment (ECE) > Transformative Institutional and Social Solutions (TISS)
Young Scientists Summer Program (YSSP)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 21 Mar 2022 15:30
Last Modified: 06 Apr 2022 14:00
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/17892

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