Suppressed Late‐20th Century Warming in CMIP6 Models Explained by Forcing and Feedbacks

Smith, C. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0599-4633 & Forster, P. (2021). Suppressed Late‐20th Century Warming in CMIP6 Models Explained by Forcing and Feedbacks. Geophysical Research Letters 48 (19) e2021GL094948. 10.1029/2021GL094948.

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Project: Constraining uncertainty of multi decadal climate projections (CONSTRAIN, H2020 820829)

Abstract

For the 1960–2000 period, the latest generation of climate models (Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 [CMIP6]) shows less global mean surface temperature change relative to pre-industrial than that seen in observations. In contrast, the previous generation of models (CMIP5) performed well over this period. It has been hypothesized that this suppressed late-20th Century warming seen in CMIP6 is caused by a stronger aerosol forcing. However, we find this to be only part of the story. Not only is the aerosol forcing marginally more negative in CMIP6 compared to CMIP5, the greenhouse gas forcing in CMIP6 is also weaker than in CMIP5. These forcing differences are amplified by differences in climate sensitivity between the CMIP5 and CMIP6 ensemble, which leads to both a stronger aerosol cooling over 1960–1990 and a stronger greenhouse gas induced warming from 1990, returning the warming post-2000 toward the observed level.

Item Type: Article
Research Programs: Energy, Climate, and Environment (ECE)
Energy, Climate, and Environment (ECE) > Integrated Assessment and Climate Change (IACC)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2022 13:23
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2022 13:23
URI: http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/17915

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