How to keep it adequate: A protocol for ensuring validity in agent-based simulation

Troost, Christian., Huber, R., Bell, A.R., van Delden, H., Filatova, T., Le, Q.B., Lippe, M., Niamir, L. ORCID:, et al. (2023). How to keep it adequate: A protocol for ensuring validity in agent-based simulation. Environmental Modelling & Software 159 e105559. 10.1016/j.envsoft.2022.105559.

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Project: Energy Demand Changes Induced by Technological and Social Innovations (EDITS)


There has so far been no shared understanding of validity in agent-based simulation. We here conceptualise validation as systematically substantiating the premises on which conclusions from simulation analysis for a particular modelling context are built. Given such a systematic perspective, validity of agent-based models cannot be ensured if validation is merely understood as an isolated step in the modelling process. Rather, valid conclusions from simulation analysis require context-adequate method choices at all steps of the simulation analysis including model construction, model and parameter inference, uncertainty analysis and simulation. We present a twelve-step protocol to highlight the (often hidden) premises for methodological choices and their link to the modelling context. It is designed to aid modelers in understanding their context and in choosing and documenting context-adequate and mutually consistent methods throughout the modelling process. Its purpose is to assist reviewers and the community as a whole in assessing and discussing context-adequacy.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Model validation; Model inference; Calibration; Generalisation; Regime shift
Research Programs: Energy, Climate, and Environment (ECE)
Energy, Climate, and Environment (ECE) > Sustainable Service Systems (S3)
Depositing User: Michaela Rossini
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2022 06:54
Last Modified: 05 Jan 2024 13:32

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