Population decline will likely become a global trend and benefit long-term human wellbeing

Lutz, W. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7975-8145 (2023). Population decline will likely become a global trend and benefit long-term human wellbeing. In: Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 2023. pp. 41-55 Vienna Institute of Demography. ISBN 978-3-7001-9258-9 10.1553/p-3cp7-4e6b.

[thumbnail of Lutz.pdf]
Lutz.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (845kB) | Preview


Summarising earlier publications, I draw a rather optimistic picture of the human future on this planet, if priority is given to universal education, and, in particular, to female education. The benefits of a greater focus on education range from a lower desired family size and empowerment to reach this goal, to better family health, to poverty reduction, to greater resilience, to expanded capacities to mitigate and adapt to climate change, and, ultimately, to the emergence of better institutions and social values that are less obsessed with material consumption and violent nationalism and more concerned with cooperation, care and wellbeing. I also show that extended periods of below replacement level fertility are beneficial for long-term human wellbeing, and that the human population is on the path to peaking during the second half of this century and then declining to 2–4 billion people by 2200. As this smaller population will be well-educated, they should be healthy and wealthy enough to be able to cope fairly successfully with the already unavoidable (moderate) effects of climate change.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: population; climate change; long-term; human capital; female education
Research Programs: Population and Just Societies (POPJUS)
Population and Just Societies (POPJUS) > Social Cohesion, Health, and Wellbeing (SHAW)
Directorate (DIR)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2023 07:22
Last Modified: 13 May 2024 09:41
URI: https://pure.iiasa.ac.at/18893

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item