Evaluation of the emission inventory for large point emission sources in South Korea by applying measured data from the NASA/NIER KORUS-AQ aircraft field campaign

Park, M., Hu, H., Kim, Y. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5053-5068, Fried, A., Simpson, I., Jin, H., Weinheimer, A., Huey, G., et al. (2023). Evaluation of the emission inventory for large point emission sources in South Korea by applying measured data from the NASA/NIER KORUS-AQ aircraft field campaign. Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene 11 (1) e00105. 10.1525/elementa.2022.00105.

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One of the major issues in determining a region’s air quality is the uncertainty of large point sources (LPSs) emissions, which significantly affect the local-regional air quality. In this study, the SO2 and NOx emissions of 5 major LPSs in South Korea were evaluated by comparing the emissions-based concentrations employing a Gaussian dispersion model with aircraft-based measurements from DC-8 “around-the-stack” flights through the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)/National Institute of Environmental Research (NIER) KORea-U.S. Cooperative Domestic Air Quality (KORUS-AQ) aircraft field campaign. The ratio between modeled and measured concentrations for all 5 LPSs ranged between 0.42 and 1.30 and 0.39 and 1.01 for NOx and SO2, respectively. The results for the Boryeong, Dangjin, and Seocheon power plants (PPs), where the locations and sizes of stacks are easier to specify than industrial complexes (Hyundai Steel and Hankook Glass), yielded better performance, which ranged between 0.82 and 1.30 and 0.79 and 1.01 for NOx and SO2. This level of agreement was very encouraging, considering that the modeled concentrations were based on 30-min averaged emissions compared to less-than-a-minute DC-8 around-the-stack measurements. Based on our analysis, the uncertainty of LPS emissions, at least for NOx and SO2, appears to be small, which implies that the point sources inventory emissions are reasonably accurate. The Dangjin PP’s analysis reveals that the actual measured emissions should be considered in addition to “the official” inventory amounts to reduce emission uncertainty. This detailed comparative analysis verified the method used for this study. The findings of this study are expected to enhance the performance of future LPS emission inventory assessments. In terms of recommendations, the data from the raw emission inventory should include more clear information about the locations of measured stacks to obtain more accurate emission estimates. In addition, the flight measurement duration should be long enough to fly around several times to reduce uncertainties, and the flight positions and altitudes should be varied. By improving LPS inventories through accurate evaluations, more accurate air quality forecasts and better policies could be made. As a result, it is expected that public health can be improved by reducing the time people are exposed to high concentrations of air pollutants.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: CAPSS emission inventory, NASA/NIER KORUS-AQ aircraft field campaign, Large point source, Emission evaluation
Research Programs: Energy, Climate, and Environment (ECE)
Energy, Climate, and Environment (ECE) > Pollution Management (PM)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2023 09:52
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2023 09:52
URI: https://pure.iiasa.ac.at/19221

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