Costs and Benefits of Household Fuel Policies and Alternative Strategies in the Jing-Jin-Ji Region

Meng, W., Kiesewetter, G. ORCID:, Zhang, S. ORCID:, Schöpp, W. ORCID:, Rafaj, P. ORCID:, Klimont, Z. ORCID:, & Tao, S. (2023). Costs and Benefits of Household Fuel Policies and Alternative Strategies in the Jing-Jin-Ji Region. Environmental Science & Technology 57 (51) 21662-21672. 10.1021/acs.est.3c01622.

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Air pollution is still one of the most severe problems in northern China, especially in the Jing-Jin-Ji region around Beijing. In recent years, China has implemented many stringent policies to address the air quality issue, including promoting energy transition toward cleaner fuels in residential sectors. But until 2020, even in the Jing-Jin-Ji region, nearly half of the rural households still use solid fuels for heating. For residents who are not covered by the clean heating campaign, we analyze five potential mitigation strategies and evaluate their environmental effects as well as the associated health benefits and costs. We estimate that substitution with electricity or gas would reduce air pollution and premature mortality more strongly, while the relatively low investment costs of implementing clean coal or biomass pellet lead to a larger benefit–cost ratio, indicating higher cost efficiency. Hence, clean coal or biomass pellet could be transitional substitution options for the less developed or remote areas which cannot afford a total transition toward electricity or natural gas in the short term.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ambient PM2.5; clean heating; cost analysis; health benefit; indoor PM2.5
Research Programs: Energy, Climate, and Environment (ECE)
Energy, Climate, and Environment (ECE) > Integrated Assessment and Climate Change (IACC)
Energy, Climate, and Environment (ECE) > Pollution Management (PM)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2023 15:00
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2024 07:39

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