Incorporating photosynthetic acclimation improves stomatal optimisation models

Flo, V., Joshi, J., Sabot, M.., Sandoval, D., & Prentice, I.C. (2023). Incorporating photosynthetic acclimation improves stomatal optimisation models. bioRxiv 10.1101/2023.07.07.548137. (Submitted)

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Abstract

Stomatal opening in plant leaves is regulated through a balance of carbon and water exchange under different environmental conditions. Accurate estimation of stomatal regulation is crucial for understanding how plants respond to changing environmental conditions, particularly under climate change. A new generation of optimality-based modelling schemes determines instantaneous stomatal responses from a balance of trade-offs between carbon gains and hydraulic costs, but most such schemes do not account for biochemical acclimation in response to drought. Here, we compare the performance of seven instantaneous stomatal optimisation models with and without accounting for photosynthetic acclimation. Using experimental data from 38 plant species, we found that accounting for photosynthetic acclimation improves the prediction of carbon assimilation in a majority of the tested models. Non-stomatal mechanisms contributed significantly to the reduction of photosynthesis under drought conditions in all tested models. Drought effects on photosynthesis could not accurately be explained by the hydraulic impairment functions embedded in the stomatal models alone, indicating that photosynthetic acclimation must be considered to improve estimates of carbon assimilation during drought.

Item Type: Article
Research Programs: Advancing Systems Analysis (ASA)
Advancing Systems Analysis (ASA) > Exploratory Modeling of Human-natural Systems (EM)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2024 10:28
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2024 10:28
URI: https://pure.iiasa.ac.at/19479

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