Stand Age and Climate Change Effects on Carbon Increments and Stock Dynamics

Vangi, E., Dalmonech, D., Morichetti, M., Grieco, E., Giannetti, F., D’Amico, G., Nakhavali, A., Chirici, G., et al. (2024). Stand Age and Climate Change Effects on Carbon Increments and Stock Dynamics. Forests 15 (7) e1120. 10.3390/f15071120.

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Carbon assimilation and wood production are influenced by environmental conditions and endogenous factors, such as species auto-ecology, age, and hierarchical position within the forest structure. Disentangling the intricate relationships between those factors is more pressing than ever due to climate change’s pressure. We employed the 3D-CMCC-FEM model to simulate undisturbed forests of different ages under four climate change (plus one no climate change) Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP) scenarios from five Earth system models. In this context, carbon stocks and increment were simulated via total carbon woody stocks and mean annual increment, which depends mainly on climate trends. We find greater differences among different age cohorts under the same scenario than among different climate scenarios under the same age class. Increasing temperature and changes in precipitation patterns led to a decline in above-ground biomass in spruce stands, especially in the older age classes. On the contrary, the results show that beech forests will maintain and even increase C-storage rates under most RCP scenarios. Scots pine forests show an intermediate behavior with a stable stock capacity over time and in different scenarios but with decreasing mean volume annual increment. These results confirm current observations worldwide that indicate a stronger climate-related decline in conifers forests than in broadleaves.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: carbon cycle; climate change; forest age; forest management; carbon stocks
Research Programs: Biodiversity and Natural Resources (BNR)
Biodiversity and Natural Resources (BNR) > Integrated Biosphere Futures (IBF)
Depositing User: Luke Kirwan
Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2024 07:02
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2024 07:02

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