Strategies for Reducing Sulfur Dioxide Emissions in Europe

Amann, M. ORCID:, Bertok, I., Cofala, J., Klaassen, G., & Schoepp, W. ORCID: (1992). Strategies for Reducing Sulfur Dioxide Emissions in Europe. IIASA Status Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: SR-92-008

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Based on the Regional Acidification Information and Simulation (RAINS) model the paper explores the following strategies to reduce sulfur emissions in Europe:

-- Current Reduction Plans and Maximum Technically Feasible Reductions,

-- a reduction of the difference between the deposition in 1990 and the 5 percentile critical loads by 30%,

-- achievement of target loads based on the 5 percentile critical loads multiplied by a factor 1.5, 2.0 and 2.5,

-- achievement of target loads based on the 50 percentile critical loads,

-- reductions based on minimum marginal abatement cost of 2500 DM ton SO2, combined with an international allotment of the remaining money of 0.2% of GDP,

-- attainment of national target loads submitted by a number of countries.

These strategies are evaluated on the basis of: the national emissions levels in the year 2000, the relative emission reductions (compared the year 1980), the annual costs of pollution control measures and resulting sulfur deposition in relation to the critical loads.

Item Type: Monograph (IIASA Status Report)
Uncontrolled Keywords: acid rain, sulfur deposition, critical loads, Europe, abatement strategy, costeffectiveness, sulfur emissions, ecosystems, costs
Research Programs: Transboundary Air Pollution (TAP)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 02:01
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2021 17:14

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