Volunteering as Red Queen Mechanism for Co-operation in Public Goods Games

Hauert, C., De Monte, S., Hofbauer, J., & Sigmund, K. (2002). Volunteering as Red Queen Mechanism for Co-operation in Public Goods Games. IIASA Interim Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: IR-02-041

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The evolution of co-operation among non-related individuals is one of the fundamental problems in biology and social sciences. Reciprocal altruism fails to provide a solution if interactions are not repeated often enough or groups are too large. Punishment and reward can be very effective but require that defectors can be traced and identified. Here we present a simple but effective mechanism operating under full anonymity. Optional participation can foil exploiters and overcome the social dilemma. In voluntary public goods interactions, co-operators and defectors will coexist. We show that this result holds under very diverse assumptions on population structure and adaptation mechanisms. Thus, voluntary participation offers an escape hatch out of some social traps. Co-operation can subsist in sizeable groups even if interactions are not repeated, defectors remain anonymous, players have no memory and assortment is purely random.

Item Type: Monograph (IIASA Interim Report)
Research Programs: Adaptive Dynamics Network (ADN)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 02:14
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2021 17:17
URI: https://pure.iiasa.ac.at/6744

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