Size and composition of airborne particles from pavement wear, tires, and traction sanding

Kupiainen, K., Tervahattu, H., Raeisaenen, M., Maekelae, T., Aurela, M., & Hillamo, R. (2005). Size and composition of airborne particles from pavement wear, tires, and traction sanding. Environmental Science & Technology 10.1021/es035419e.

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Mineral matter is an important component of airborne particles in urban areas. In northern cities of the world, mineral matter dominates PM10 during spring because of enhanced road abrasion caused by the use of antiskid methods, including studded tires and traction sanding. In this study, factors that affect formation of abrasion components of springtime road dust were assessed. Effects of traction sanding and tires on concentrations, mass size distribution, and composition of the particles were studied in a test facility. Lowest particle concentrations were observed in tests without traction sanding. The concentrations increased when traction sand was introduced and continued to increase as a function of the amount of aggregate dispersed. Emissions were additionally affected by type of tire, properties of traction sand aggregate, and driving speed. Aggregates with high fragmentation resistance and coarse grain size distribution had the lowest emissions. Over 90% of PM10 was mineral particles. Mineralogy of the dust and source apportionment showed that they originated from both traction sand and pavement aggregates. The remaining portion was mostly carbonaceous and originated from tires and road bitumen. Mass size distributions were dominated by coarse particles. Contribution of fine and submicron size ranges were approximately 15 and 10% in PM10, respectively.

Item Type: Article
Research Programs: Atmospheric Pollution (APD)
Bibliographic Reference: Environmental Science & Technology; 39(3):699-706 (1 February 2005) (Published online 30 December 2004)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 02:17
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2021 17:37

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