Population density is a key factor in declining human fertility

Lutz, W. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7975-8145, Testa, M.R., & Penn, D.J. (2006). Population density is a key factor in declining human fertility. Population and Environment 289 (2) 69-81. 10.1007/s11111-007-0037-6.

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In studying the complex determinants of human fertility, social scientists have given little attention to population density, although reproduction has been shown to be density-dependent for a wide variety of other species. Using fixed effects models on the time series of 145 countries and controlling for key social and economic variables, we find a consistent and significant negative relationship between human fertility and population density. Moreover, we find that individual fertility preferences also decline with population density. These findings suggest that population density should be included as a variable in future studies of fertility determinants.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Population density; Fertility
Research Programs: World Population (POP)
Bibliographic Reference: Population and Environment; 289(2):69-81 (November 2006)
Depositing User: IIASA Import
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2016 02:19
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2023 05:00
URI: https://pure.iiasa.ac.at/7851

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